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Jazz And Blues Legends

Rough Guide to Spiritual Blues



Released 24 April 2020

Flowing from the same bedrock of experience, blues & gospel music have long been closely connected. This Rough Guide features legendary artists who straddled the line between the music of worship and the blues.



Blues and gospel, the secular and sacred songs of everyday folk, are both bound up in sorrow, loss, despair, hope, redemption, resilience and dreams. Despite their conceptual differences, gospel, the Sunday morning music of the church, and blues, the Saturday night music of the juke joint, shared many of the same roots, influences and musical traits. As the market grew for blues records during the 1920s, a black audience developed in parallel for religious songs and sermons. Consequently, many famed early bluesmen such as Charley Patton, Blind Lemon Jefferson and Blind Willie McTell recorded spiritual songs, often under different pseudonyms, to avoid offending the church who wouldn’t look favourably on associating the music of worship with that of the devil.

Many of the included artists would have started out singing music in church choirs early on before crossing over to the blues, whereas others remained gospel singers whose music was influenced by blues traditions. The ‘guitar evangelists’ combined the raw earthiness of the Delta blues with gospel sentiments, and by listening to its most remarkable performer Blind Willie Johnson, one can hear the mutual influence between the two and how a blues song could be transformed into a gospel song, or vice versa, simply by changing a few words. Other true guitar evangelists such as Reverend Edward W. Clayborn and Blind Willie Davis give further evidence of how playing slide for the Lord sounds pretty much like playing slide for the other side.

It has been said that the ‘Queen of Country Blues’ Memphis Minnie only once went to church to see a gospel group perform, but you wouldn’t know this when hearing her take on ’When The Saints Go Marching Home’ which evokes the mood and fervour of Southern black worship.

Legend has it that two of the featured towering figures of country blues once busked on opposite sides of the street in Marlin, Texas. Both the ‘Father of the Texas Blues’ Blind Lemon Jefferson and slide guitar evangelist Blind Willie Johnson have left remarkable musical legacies in the face of incredible adversity, dealing with blindness in conditions of poverty and confronted by all the disadvantages imposed by race segregation. The incredibly hard existence of the itinerant bluesmen meant that many sought refuge and deliverance in religion and would freely switch between playing blues and gospel. From the upbeat and ragtime-infused guitar picking of East Coast blind musicians Rev. Gary Davis, Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller to the deep intensity of the ‘Father of the Delta Blues’ Charley Patton, these recordings illustrate how the line separating the two genres was very thin.